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CDS Exam UPSC Full details

 

CDS Exam UPSC



The 

Combined Defence Service Examination


.


The Combined Defence Service Examination is shortly called the CDS exam . This exam is conducted by UPSC For the recruitment of Defence officers to serve the nation in IMF, NDA, IAF ,OTA are respectively  the CDS exam  comprises of two stages—


[1] written exam

[2] SSB Interview


the first stage consists of a written test, those who qualify the written test are invited for  Second stage which is an interview section  by the Service Selection Boards (SSBs). The written test comprises of three papers as:- 


[1] English  

[2] General Knowledge  

[3] Elementary Mathematics .



CDS Written Exam Procedure

Sr.No

Subjects 

Question

Marks

Time

Paper 1

Math

100

100

2 hr

Paper 2

English

120

100

2 hr

Paper 3

General study

120

100

2 hr


General instructions for CDS Exam


(1) This practice set contains 340 questions in all, comprising Paper 1 (Mathematics 100 questions), Paper 2 (English 120 questions) and Paper 3 (General Studies 120 questions).


(ii) Candidate/Student should attempt all questions.


(iii) Each question is followed by four alternative suggested answers or completions. In each case, you are required to select the one that corrects the answer.


(iv) For each question for which a wrong answer has been given by the candidate, only third (0.33) of the marks assigned to the questions will be deducted as penalty.


The Examination will be held at the following Centres : 

 

CDS Examination Centres

AGARTALA

AHMEDABAD

AIZAWL

BENGALURU

BAREILLY

BHOPAL

CHANDIGARH

CHENNAI

CUTTACK

DEHRADUN

DELHI

GANGTOK

DHARWAD

DISPUR

GANGTOK

HYDERABAD

KOHIMA

ITANAGAR

IMPHAL

LUCKNOW

JAMMU

KOCHI

JORHAT

JAIPUR

KOLKATA

MADURAI

MUMBAI

PATNA

NAGPUR

PANAJI (GOA),

PORT BLAIR,

RAIPUR,

RANCHI

PRAYAGRAJ

SAMBALPUR

SHILLONG

UDAIPUR

SHIMLA

SRINAGAR,

VISAKHAPATNAM

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM,

TIRUPATI



INTELLIGENCE AND PERSONALITY TEST 

The SSB procedure consists of two stage Selection processes stage I and stage II.  Only those candidates who clear stage I are permitted to appear for stage II.  The details are:- 

 

  1. Stage I comprises of Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests are Picture Perception*  Description Test (PP&DT). The candidates will be shortlisted based on combination of performance in OIR Test and PP&DT. 

 

  1. Stage II Comprises Interview, Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests and the Conference.  These tests are conducted over 4 days.  The details of these tests are given on the website www.joinindianarmy.nic.in. 

      

The personality of a candidate is assessed by three different assessors viz.  The Interviewing Officer (IO), Group Testing Officer (GTO) and the Psychologist.  There is no separate weightage for each test.  The marks are allotted by assessors only after taking into consideration the performance of the candidate holistically in all the tests.  In addition, marks for Conference are also allotted based on the initial performance of the Candidate in the three techniques and decision of the Board.  All these have equal weightage. 

 The various tests of IO, GTO and Psych are designed to bring out the presence/absence of Officer Like Qualities and their trainability in a candidate.  Accordingly candidates are Recommended or Not Recommended at the SSB.


However those seeking admission in OTA, are exempted from taking the paper on Elementary Mathematics. Various. concessions, like reservation in posts, are available for NCC cadets appearing in the exam. Those who qualify the written test, undergo a series of intelligence and personality tests. The tests, both verbal and non-verbal, are designed not only to judge the mental calibre of the candidate but also to assess his social traits and interest in current affairs. If finally selected by the SSBs, depending upon the choice given by the candidates, and their overall ranking in the merit list, they are sent to one of the following institutions for their orientation training Centers..


Training Centres For CDS Exam

Sr.No

Defence Category

Centres

1

Indian Military Academy

Dehradun 

2

Naval Defence Academy

GOA

3

Air Force Academy

Hyderabad

4

Officer Training Academy

Chennai






Those joining the first three institutes get permanent commission, however cadets passing out of OTA get Short Service Commission. Applicants are required to mention their preferences while filling up the application forms. 



Career Building as an Officer of Defence Services

A career in Defence Services is the much sought after occupation today. The boys grow up to be aligned to the idea of being faithful officers who are serving the cause of their motherland. It is a noble occupation because right from the early stages of schooling, every child of India is taught love for motherland and service to the cause of motherland. It is a dream come true for those who have dreamt of serving the nation and making a living out of this noble cause. They shoulder the ultimate responsibility of the security of the nation, without which the country can not exist, nor can its people thrive. They are made officers with strict sense of discipline and courage to shoulder the complete responsibilities in times of war as well as internal strife. In times of war they defend the nation, in times of internal strife, they assist the civil administration in maintaining the law and order. A career in Defence Services is thus intensely gratifying.


Number of Students Appearing 

There are over one and a half lakh students appearing for CDS examination. There is strict competition and one mark difference could mean selection or rejection of the candidates. The number of seats vary as per the vacancy, it could be anywhere between 200 to 800 seats. It depends entirely on the promotions and retirement of the already existing officers in the three armed forces. 


Month and Frequency of the Examination

Combined Defence Service exam is conducted by UPSC twice every year for recruitment to office cadres of the Army, Navy and Air force. CDS exam is conducted generally in the months of May and October. 


Popularity of the Exam

For those young and courageous youths of the country who nurture a patriotic sentiment, and who are willing to take on any kind of challenges and dedicate their lives to defending the country and its people, the Combined Defence Services Examination is the first test by fire before they join one of the best defence forces in the world i.e., the Indian Armed Forces

The candidates aspiring for CDS examination start preparing for it as soon as they opt for their graduation. They can not wait to be registered as officers. They slog long hours to fulfil their cherished dream of being officers in the armed forces. They begint exercise strict discipline as soon as they begin to prepare for the examination. Success comes naturally to them. Lakhs students gain control over their lives as soon as they begin to prepare for CDS.


General eligibility for CDS Exam 


Nationality Eligibility For CDS exam

Sr.No

Citizenship

1

India

2

Nepal

3

Indian origin Migrated person from

Myanmar

Pakistan

Sri lanka

Kenya

Uganda

Zambia

Tanzania

Malawi

Zaire

Vietnam

Ethiopia

Note

All Candidate Must be Unmarried*



Age  Limit For CDS Exam

Sr.No

Defence Category

Age

1

Indian Military Academy

19-24

2

Naval Defence Academy

19-22

3

Air Force Academy

19-23

4

Officer Training Academy

19-25



Qualification Criteria For CDS Exam

Sr.No

Defence Category

Qualification

1

Indian Military Academy

Any Degree 

2

Naval Defence Academy

Engineering, B.sc with physics, chemistry

3

Air Force Academy

Engineering, B.sc with physics, math

4

Officer Training Academy

Any Degree


Degree should be from Recognized University



Application Fees

Sr.No

Category

Fee Amount

2

General

200/-

3

OBC

200/-

4

ST

Exempted

5

SC

Exempted


All Female Candidates

Exempted

Payment Accepted only through SBI Banking online/ofline



STANDARD AND SYLLABUS OF THE EXAMINATION 

 

STANDARD 

 

The standard of the papers in Elementary Mathematics will be of Matriculation level. The standard of papers in other subjects will approximately be as may be expected of a graduate of an Indian University. 

 

SYLLABUS For CDS Exam

 

ENGLISH

The question paper will be designed to test the candidates’ understanding of English and workmanlike use of words. 

 

GENERAL KNOWLEDGE

 

General Knowledge including knowledge of current events and of such matters of everyday observation and experience in their scientific aspects as may be expected of an educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific subject. The paper will also include questions on History of India and Geography of a nature which candidate should be able to answer without special study. 

 

ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS

 

ARITHMETIC 

 Number System—Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real numbers. Fundamental operations, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, Square roots, Decimal fractions. 

Unitary method, time and distance, time and work, percentages, applications to simple and compound interest, profit and loss, ratio and proportion, variation. 

Elementary Number Theory—Division algorithm. Prime and composite numbers. Tests of divisibility by 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 and 11. Multiples and factors. Factorisation Theorem. H.C.F. and L.C.M. Euclidean algorithm. Logarithms to base 10, laws of logarithms, use of logarithmic tables. 

 

ALGEBRA 

 Basic Operations, simple factors, Remainder Theorem, H.C.F., L.C.M., Theory of polynomials, solutions of quadratic equations, relation between its roots and coefficients (Only real roots to be considered). Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns—analytical and graphical solutions. Simultaneous linear inequations in two variables and their solutions. Practical problems leading to two simultaneous linear equations or inequations in two variables or quadratic equations in one variable & their solutions. Set language and set notation, Rational expressions and conditional identities, Laws of indices. 

 

TRIGONOMETRY 

 Sine ×, cosine ×, Tangent × when 0° < × < 90° Values of sin ×, cos × and tan ×, for × = 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90° 

 Simple trigonometric identities. 

 Use of trigonometric tables. 

 Simple cases of heights and distances. 

 

GEOMETRY 

 Lines and angles, Plane and plane figures, Theorems on

 (i) Properties of angles at a point, 

(ii) Parallel lines, 

(iii) Sides and angles of a triangle, 

(iv) Congruence of triangles, 

(v) Similar triangles, 

(vi) Concurrence of medians and altitudes, 

(vii) Properties of angles, sides and diagonals of a parallelogram, rectangle and square, 

(viii) Circles and its properties including tangents and normals, (ix) Loci. 

 


MENSURATION 

 Areas of squares, rectangles, parallelograms, triangle and circle. Areas of figures which can be split up into these figures (Field Book), Surface area and volume of cuboids, lateral surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders, surface area and volume of spheres. 

 

STATISTICS 

Collection and tabulation of statistical data, Graphical representation frequency polygons, histograms, bar charts, pie charts etc. Measures of central tendency. 

 



Skill Sets Required for the Examination

The candidates must be well versed in the subjects like English, General Knowledge and Mathematics. Since the

examinations are of objective type, the main skill required is speed with accuracy. The candidates must be able to answer all the questions in stipulated period of time. They must get maximum marks possible if they are to pass in the examination. The computational skill of mental mathematics is required to be of high order. They can practice English through the practice sets given in the guides on Solved papers of CDS. They must be able to visualize the complete examination and divide the paper

into parts and answer each question as quickly as possible. They must be able to think fast. 


How to Prepare for Different Subjects in a Stipulated Time 


The recommended reading of these books may be helpful in preparing for the examination. They are all by Arihant and excellent for preparation for the examination.


◆Pathfinder for CDS examination

◆Chapterwise-Sectionwise Previous Years' Solved Paper of CDS Examination

◆10 Practice Sets of CDS examination

◆General Knowledge Notes: Manohar Pandey,

◆Objective English : SP Bakshi

◆Fast Track Arithmetic


General Mental set up required for Succeeding in the Test


The candidates must have enthusiasm for studying and doing well in the examination. They must have one point agenda, which is to succeed in the examination. Time should be given to study all the subjects which are important from the point of view of examination. Clearing the examination, not just by passing in the test but doing so well that they stand at the top of the table of successful candidate should be the motivation working behind their preparation. They must believe in the dictum

that EFFORT SPELLS SUCCESS. They must make untiring effort, not only to succeed in the examination but to stand at the top of the list of successful candidates. 


Do's and Don't on the Day of Examination

◆The candidates must carry their admit card which would serve as source of their verification of candidature and age.


◆The candidates must reach the examination about 30 minutes earlier to the schedule.


◆The candidate must have their own pencils, erasers, sharpeners and pens; they must not borrow anything from the other

candidates in the room,


◆They must not talk to anyone in the room except with the invigilator whenever it is absolutely necessary.


◆They must finish the paper in the given time and must hand it over to the invigilator in the room.





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